Revue internationale des technologies en pédagogie universitaire

International Journal of Technologies in Higher Education

Une méthode en 4 x 4 pour l’analyse des besoins

A four-by-four method for needs analysis
Laurence Oger - Service Pédagogique d’HEMES (Haute École Mosane d’Enseignement Supérieur), Liège, Belgium
Anne Hougardy - LabSET (Laboratoire de Soutien à l’Enseignement Télématique), Université de Liège, Belgium
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The production of a distance learning training is a permanent process of analysis and regulation centered on the needs of the target public. In the training “Cap sur les méthodes de travail” (Cap MDT) aimed at students of higher education (HE), this process is compared to a “path leading through four circular and progressive quarters (4 x 4)”. A loop of this path (regulation loop) consists of four phases enabling to enquire about “Who” wants “What”, “Why” and “How” in this distance learning module. These four particular lights come from designers, potential users, experimenters and effective users who give elements of answers to these questions. Throughout the whole project of production of the course, each loop of this 4 x 4 method questions the device and produces avenues of regulation, in a context where the audience, the needs and the resources are in constant evolution.

Available online: 2007-05-16

DOI : https://doi.org/10.18162/ritpu.2006.107

Oger, L., & Hougardy, A. (2006). Une méthode en 4 x 4 pour l’analyse des besoins. International Journal of Technologies in Higher Education, 3(1), 40-48. https://doi.org/10.18162/ritpu.2006.107